Words are made up from small units of sound called phonemes. Phonics teaches children to be able to listen carefully and identify the phonemes that make up each word. This helps children to learn to read words and to spell words. There are around 120 graphemes or ways of writing down those 44 phonemes.
The children are taught daily using the 'Phonics Bug' scheme, which progresses through the phonemes, practicing blending (to read) and segmenting (to spell) and gives the children the skills that they need to become confident readers and writers. As a part of the learning process, the children are allocated 'Bug Club' e-books in line with their phonics learning that week, and can choose from a selection of books from their classroom, in line with their reading ability. If you would like to learn more about how your child uses phonics then please speak to their class teacher, who would be happy to talk to you about the learning process and how you can support at home.